Ref NoWIN/001
CollectionWinstanley Oral History Collection
TitleMr Horace Adley interviewed by Michael Winstanley
Name of creatorWinstanley, Michael
Date05/03/1975
Duration1 hr. 34 min. 38 sec.
Extent1 sound tape reel
1 audio file Waveform Audio
DescriptionTrack 1 [1:34:38] [0:00:01] Introduction: interviewee is Horace Adley [HA] of 4 Becket Street Faversham. [0:00:32] HA born 23rd October 1886 in Faversham. [0:00:41] HA father a brick maker, a moulder making bricks. [0:00:53] Detailed description of wages in brickmaking. [0:01:48] Story of HA’s father’s life; father had removal firm in Ashford with four brothers then came to Faversham brickworks. [0:02:26] Detailed description of father’s housing and living conditions. [0:02:35] Mention of ‘Wheelers’ as renting housing. [0:03:19] Detailed description of non-alcoholic and alcoholic drinks at the brickworks. [0:04:07] Mention of HA’s brother selling ‘Taylors ginger beer’ [0:04:23] Detailed description of HA’s early working life. [0:05:18] HA worked for Jackman the tailor in Market Street [Faversham]. [0:06:02] Description of HA’s siblings and employment in Faversham; the cotton gunpowder works, brick works and the Gas House in London. [0:08:10] Detailed description of work of HA’s mother and sisters; at home, in service and nursing. [0:09:48] HA’s sisters working at Haine Hospital Ramsgate [0:09:52] Mention of HA’s sisters leaving for Bristol and working for Reverend Burton, a missionary, at his home ‘for children out of their mind’ [0:10:36] Detailed description of winter work for brickworkers; hop picking, farm work, ‘rag and bone’ material from London; barge unloading. [0:13:48] Discussion of workhouse relief. [0:14:58] Description of ill health relief. [0:16:09] Discussion of women and children’s work, hopping, Preston Parish charity. [0:19:14] Detailed description of HA’s domestic life and diet; livestock, vegetable growing, fish, shellfish, cockling at Seasalter; bread, meat and fruit deliveries. [0:33:20] Mention of butchers Creed and Curlings. [0:35:52] Mention of shopping at the Co-op. [0:37:37] Availability of canned food. [0:38:33] Discussion of shops in the Brents. [0:40:11] Discussion of paying for shopping and credit. [0:41:32] Mention of Gardeners the grocers of Worth Lane. [0:42:05] Discussion of debt and evictions. [0:43:53] Mention of Mr Minter, collector for landlord Wheeler. [0:44:22] Discussion of meat storage, foreign meat. [0:46:54] Description of Faversham market. [0:50:26] Discussion of drink in the house. [0:51:50] Description of fetching and uses of water. [0:52:41] Help for HA’s mother and new babies. [0:54:18] Description of accommodation; rooms, uses, heating, furniture. [0:59:39] HA’s marriage and new home [1909]. Mention of brickworks closing and many emigrating to Canada, mention of Wheeler as his landlord. [1:01:22] HA’s work; brickworks, horse driving, cotton powder company. [1:01:49] Mention of cotton powder company explosion. [1:05:08] Discussion of available work, wages and opportunities. [1:09:06] Discussion of HA’s family’s domestic money management. [1:12:14] Shopping for clothes. [1:16:04] Pawn brokers. [1:17:20] Wash days. [1:18:57] Description of HA’s own and his parents’ house flooring, decoration, repairs, chimneys, windows. [1:26:59] Discussion of bulk buying. [1:28:25] HA’s furniture purchase, bedding, sleeping arrangements at his parents’ house. [1:30:21] Mention of female workers in powder mills and jam factories; HA’s sisters preferred service at Haine hospital in Ramsgate. Mention of their uniforms and family visits. [1:32:01] Mention of Haine hospital as a fever hospital. [1:33:51] Brief discussion of lodgers in the Brents.
NotesTranscript exists for this interview.
PhysicalDescription1 sound tape reel : analogue, 5 inch reel, 9,5 cm/sec, 2 track, mono
Waveform Audio
Related OrganisationUniversity of Kent
Related PlaceFaversham, Kent
Access filenameWIN-001-001A-A.mp3
CategoryAudio recordings
Access conditionsAvailable for consultation at the University of Kent's Special Collections & Archives reading room, Templeman Library, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NU. Access is available via digital listening copies. The University of Kent acknowledges the intellectual property rights of those named as contributors in this recording and the rights of those not identified.
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