Ref NoWIN/005
CollectionWinstanley Oral History Collection
TitleMr. H. Ash interviewed by Michael Winstanley
Name of creatorWinstanley, Michael
Date10/01/1975
Duration1 hr. 57 min. 56 sec.
Extent1 sound tape reel
2 audio file Waveform Audio
DescriptionMr. H. Ash, born 1898, interviewed in Sunnyside in Canterbury, Mr. Ash's father was farm bailiff, family of 7, worked at Mount's Nursery.
Track 1 [1:01:19] [0:00:00] Introduction: interview of Mr Harry Ash [Mr A] of Sunnyside, Upper Harbledown near Canterbury by Michael Winstanley of the University of Kent at Canterbury on 10th January 1975. Mr A was born in Selling in 1898. [0:00:30] Mr A’s father bailiff for Harry Leney in Selling, moving to Harbledown 1903 as bailiff for Mr H.D. Barnes of Boughton. [0:02:19] Description of pheasant raising on Mr Barnes’ farms, mention of Jack Packman, gamekeeper. [0:03:18] Remarks on Mr A’s father’s work; bookkeeping, wages. [0:04:50] Mention of Polhurst and China farms. [0:05:20] Remark that Mr A’s father a hop specialist. [0:05:53] Remarks on the move from Selling to Harbledown [note that date varies 1903/1905]. [0:06:59] Mention of new public house, Plough, in Harbledown and landlord Tom Norris. [0:07:52] Comments on wood, coal, water and gas. Mr A living at China Farmhouse. [0:08:09] Mention of Maples of Rough Common, coal merchant and baker. [0:10:28] Remarks on forms of address. [0:12:27] Mention of the Chappells living at the Limes. [0:13:36] Mention that Mr Barnes had only local car in 1908; comments on roads. [0:15:57] Comments on Mr A’s father’s work; hours, holidays. [0:16:44] Discussion of church attendance on holy days. [0:18:30] Description of Mr A’s siblings; 3 sisters in service, brothers farm labourers, eldest brother served 2 years in France in World War I. [0:22:05] Detailed description of Mr A’s work in greenhouses at Mounts nursery at Highfield. [0:27:30] Mr A enlisted in army in 1915. [0:29:05] Detailed description of childhood games; ‘broken down horses’, ‘kick tin’, hoops. [0:31:25] Comments on football and cricket; football only after World War I, cricket upper class game. [0:32:12] Mention of Captain Macleton of Willow Down, cricket player. [0:34:41] Comments on Canon Holland’s black servants; from his missionary work in Africa, dress, not mixing, local attitudes. [0:37:40] Remarks on Canon Holland’s wife; religious mania, annual ‘bunfights’ for children, oranges as treats. [0:40:10] Comments on food; at school, tea, cooked meals, breakfast, poor keeping pigs and growing vegetables. [0:45:10] Remarks on Mr A’s mother; from Waltham [near Petham], father a casual labourer. [0:46:31] Remarks on casual labouring at China Farm; winter digging, hop picking, harvesting. [0:48:34] Description of London hop pickers; in September, roughly 500, whole families, same families each year, living in tin huts. [0:52:09] Description of oast work; skilled dryers, use of anthracite coal. [0:53:57] Mention that tallymen were local schoolmasters. [0:55:17] Detailed description of daily life of hop pickers; nuns with tea urns, police presence at pay days, Canterbury and London families working together.
[Track 2 - the audio file for pages 17-32 of the transcript of Mr Ash’s interview is not currently available.]
Track 3 [0:56:36] [0:00:00] Mention of annual school fete. [0:00:15] Anecdote about Miss Maxted, schoolmistress, correcting Mr A’s left-handedness. [0:01:57] Remark that school covered Upper and Lower Harbledown plus Rough Common but village children did not mix. [0:08:25] Mention of ‘Jumbo’, first village casualty of World War I. [0:09:10] Remarks on lack of travel to Medway or Canterbury; food delivered, only clothes shopping. [0:11:07] Mention of ‘slate clubs’ in pubs to provide sickness benefits. [0:14:30] Anecdote about William Allen the Irishman using the pub’s bottle and jug. [0:16:20] Remark that only London women hop pickers used the pub. [0:17:23] Anecdotes about pub regulars; Charlie Pagg, Canon Hollander’s gardener, Noah Woodcock. [0:21:40] Comments on Lintott, his shop, pig keeping, road maintenance work for council. [0:24:53] Mention of Mary Stringer, shopkeeper, and her husband, railway plate layer and amateur photographer. [0:27:17] Mention of Teddy Lawrence, blacksmith, and Charlie Pagg, carpenter. [0:27:56] Remarks on prevalence of hop gardens locally, seasonal work digging hops, no use of ploughs until after World War I. [0:29:48] Mention of owners of hop farm; Barnes to 1908, Jones Brothers of Worcester bankrupted, then creditors Pudge and Cave of Worcester, Hubble from 1914. [0:32:10] Comments on postal service; Stringers running post office, postman Bill Sutton. [0:34:35] Anecdote on manure supply. [0:37:10] Mention of Maples and Noah Woodcock emptying cess pits. [0:40:56] Comments on tramps. [0:44:11] Description of China Farm, front room for visitors, office for farm owner, furniture, furnishings, heating, water.
NotesTranscript exists for this interview.
PhysicalDescription1 sound tape reel : analogue, 5 inch reel, 9,5 cm/sec, 2 track, mono
Waveform Audio
Related OrganisationUniversity of Kent
Related PlaceHarbledown, Kent
Access filenameWIN-005-001A-A.mp3
WIN-005-001B-A.mp3
CategoryAudio recordings
Access conditionsAvailable for consultation at the University of Kent's Special Collections & Archives reading room, Templeman Library, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NU. Access is available via digital listening copies. The University of Kent acknowledges the intellectual property rights of those named as contributors in this recording and the rights of those not identified.
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