Ref NoWIN/007
CollectionWinstanley Oral History Collection
TitleMr. A. Austen interviewed by Michael Winstanley
Name of creatorWinstanley, Michael
Date19/07/1976
Duration1 hr. 26 min. 08 sec.
Extent1 sound tape reel
1 audio file Waveform Audio
DescriptionMr. A. Austen, born 1889, interviewed in Ashford. Mr. Austen's father was a small farmer and his mother helped on the land, family of 14 (8 boys and 6 girls). Austin left school at 11 and helped on the land.
Track 1 [1:26:08] [0:00:00] Introduction: interview of Mr Albert Austen [Mr A] of Hall Cottage, Ball Lane, Kennington, Ashford by Michael Winstanley of the University of Kent at Canterbury on 19th July and 2nd August 1976. Mr A born in 1887 at Burnt House Cottage, Colonel’s Lane, Boughton under Blean [near Canterbury]. [0:01:10] Mentions of Mr A’s father as hop tallyman for Berry at Gushmore; Sidney Neame at Harefield, Selling; manager of Berry’s cherry orchards at Brenley. [0:03:49] Description of Mr A’s father’s fruit farm; run by Mr A and his mother in summer, casual female labour. [0:07:00] Mention of Boughton women pea picking at Jolly Sailor [Seasalter]. [0:08:32] Description of digging hop garden for Neame at Fairbrook. [0:09:07] Mention of casual labour on farms, use of brickies from Faversham. [0:12:14] Story about bike; boneshaker, cycling to Bromley/Erith and staying there Saturday/Sunday nights. [0:14:42] Mention of Mr A’s move to Garlinge, near Margate. [0:15:40] Mention of Mr A’s move to Kennington 1914. [0:16:00] Description of Kennington farm in World War I, fruit and veg supply to army camps in Ashford and Sandling. [0:17:41] Description of Sir Walter Berry’s use of sheep in orchards. [0:19:08] Description of Mr A’s father’s pig keeping. [0:22:25] Detailed description of pig killing and storing. [0:24:55] Mention of Mr A keeping pigeons. [0:26:10] Detailed description of pig feed and medicine. [0:27:36] Mention of human use of Andrews salts in summer, brimstone sweets in winter. [0:28:34] Mention of local doctors, Dr Scatchard in Boughton, Mr Hudson in Kennington. [0:29:27] Comments on pub clubs for sickness insurance; Foresters at Margate, Vic at Wye, Woodmans at Kennington. [0:32:35] Anecdote and comments on tithes; disliked, problems for chapel goers. [0:35:52] Mention of Mr Springett at Dunkirk Church. [0:36:42] Comments on church going, Sunday school, working on Sundays. [0:38:38] Remarks on cherry picking, ‘brutting’. [0:39:33] Detailed description of Salvation Army entertainment; popularity of female officers, outings, craft lessons. [0:46:33] Description of other entertainment; marbles, ‘Nooker’ at home, dominoes, cards, shove ha’penny in pub. [0:50:01] Remarks on discipline; police, school, home. [0:55:15] Comments on wages 1914-1918. [0:56:12] Comments on unions. [0:59:31] Description of Mr A’s market gardening work in Margate; problems of seasonal work, winter hardship. [1:04:28] Detailed description of parish relief for elderly, poverty, workhouse. Mention of relieving officer in Barton Street. [1:12:15] Comments on emigration, mention of Landells going to Australia and Attwells to Toronto. [1:14:10] Comments on poor relief from church, mention of soup from big houses. [1:16:10] Description of conditions and wages for cherry picking, soft fruit picking and hopping. [1:18:27] Description of Mr A’s father’s work; hired farm run by wife, Mr A away all week working elsewhere, selling produce in Ramsgate. [1:20:00] Remarks on selling strawberries to North West and London, sent by train from Selling station. [1:22:01] Mention of Newman, the coal man. [1:23:05] Story about selling strawberries in London. [1:24:11] Mention of Finch’s, jam makers of Canterbury.
NotesTranscript exists for this interview.
PhysicalDescription1 sound tape reel : analogue, 5 inch reel, 9,5 cm/sec, 2 track, mono
Waveform Audio
Related OrganisationUniversity of Kent
Related PlaceBoughton, Kent
Access filenameWIN-007-001A-A.mp3
CategoryAudio recordings
Access conditionsAvailable for consultation at the University of Kent's Special Collections & Archives reading room, Templeman Library, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NU. Access is available via digital listening copies. The University of Kent acknowledges the intellectual property rights of those named as contributors in this recording and the rights of those not identified.
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