Ref NoWIN/013
CollectionWinstanley Oral History Collection
TitleMr. Stan Baldock interviewed by Michael Winstanley
Name of creatorWinstanley, Michael
Duration1 hr. 08 min. 12 sec.
Extent1 sound tape reel
1 audio file Waveform Audio
DescriptionMr. Stan Baldock, born 1895, interviewed in Canterbury. Mr. Baldock's father worked in the steam traction business, and died in 1922. Baldock belonged to a family of 13, and worked for his father until 1908, and kept the business running from 1922 - 35. His youngest brother John was born in 1916 and also contributed to this discussion.
Track 1 [1:08:12] [Interview: 25th March 1976] [0:00:00] Introduction: interview of Mr Stan Baldock [SB] at his home 29 St Johns Crescent, Tyler Hill, near Canterbury, Kent by Michael Winstanley of the University of Kent at Canterbury on 25th March 1976. SB born in 1898. John Baldock [JB], born 1916, Stan’s brother, also contributes. SB and JB were 2 of 13 children. [0:00:36] Description of road maintenance around Canterbury, Herne Bay, Faversham; stone depot in Sturry, flints moved to depots along roads, road work by piece rate. [0:02:30] Comments on local firms carving up contracts between them. Mention of Wingham Agricultural Company and Finn and Co of Wincheap, Canterbury [0:03:48] Comments on SB’s early work, leaving school at 13, working for father’s company from 1912 breaking stones into flints at Sturry depot. Stories about measuring flints, not using ‘ring’. [0:07:12] Mention of O and G Yeoman of Canterbury, general hauliers. [0:07:34] Comments on old boundaries Blean/Bridge Rural District Council [BBRDC] and Canterbury City Council [CCC]. [0:08:36] Comments on travel to work by bike. Mention of belt driven NSU [motorbike?] used by SB’s father, traction engines housed at Sturry or Bigbury. [0:12:27] Description of SB’s father paying wages in gold sovereigns. [0:13:15] Description of family firm, run by SB’s grandfather until 1914, then by SB’s father until 1922 then taken over by SB and his brother. [0:14:09] Comments on difficulties for company, tarred roads, competition from Brett, collapse of old alliances, Kent County Council [KCC] taking over road maintenance. Mention of collapse of SB’s business and SB working for CCC c 1935. [0:17:54] Description of company machinery, traction engines made by John Fowler of Leeds, transported by rail to Canterbury, road rollers made in Rochester [Kent]. Mention of Charles Burrell traction engines being popular in West Country. [0:20:25] Description of ‘agricultural engines’, smaller threshing and ploughing engines provided by SB’s firm and Holman Bros of Dover Street, Canterbury. [0:27:40] Mention of SB’s first steam engine procured from Broadstairs Council c 1927. [0:29:24] Comments on fuel, steam coal from Durham, coal from Chislet colliery when opened [1918], amount used. [0:33:04] Description of handling engines, lack of brakes, using banks to slow engines. [0:35:04] Comments on accidents, uncles Arthur and Walt killed, lack of compensation and insurance, SB’s father prosecuted for accident which killed hop picker. [0:37:54] Description of operating traction engines. Mention of crew members Frank Gapp, Barlow, Harry Smith, McBride. [0:42:46] Anecdote about SB’s father being prosecuted for doing 20 mph on Duchess of Kent engine, limit 4 mph. [0:44:02] Mention of Charlie Underdown living in caravan in Sturry yard. [0:44:18] Description of washing engines at Tyler Hill, Sunday mornings, focal point for village gossip. Mention of Tommy Philpott. Mention that yard land owned by St John’s Hospital [Canterbury], now St John’s Crescent. [0:46:30] Description of engine repair and maintenance. Mention of ‘straiks’, iron strips on wheels. [0:54:39] Mention of Bridgelands shop in Upstreet and Nestle’s condensed milk. [0:56:32] Anecdotes about SB’s firm’s employee Alec Pryor of Blean, going to pub, sleeping in engine. [0:58:11] Comments on competition for work, wages and number of tramps pre-World War I. [0:59:32] Description of road surfaces, trial of granite topped with tar 1914, granite from Guernsey. [1:01:04] Comments about oil lamps on engines, lack of vision. Anecdote about Cyril Turmaine dropping red rear light. [1:04:37] Comments about decline of business; changes to road surfaces, competition from big firms like Robert Brett, collapse of agreements between small firms, change from steam to petrol.
NotesTranscript exists for this interview.
PhysicalDescription1 sound tape reel : analogue, 5 inch reel, 9,5 cm/sec, 2 track, mono
Waveform Audio
Related OrganisationUniversity of Kent
Related PlaceCanterbury, Kent
Access filenameWIN-013-001A-A.mp3
CategoryAudio recordings
Access conditionsAvailable for consultation at the University of Kent's Special Collections & Archives reading room, Templeman Library, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NU. Access is available via digital listening copies. The University of Kent acknowledges the intellectual property rights of those named as contributors in this recording and the rights of those not identified.
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