Ref NoWIN/030
CollectionWinstanley Oral History Collection
TitleMrs. L. Canham interviewed by Michael Winstanley
Name of creatorWinstanley, Michael
Date06/05/1975
Duration1 hr. 27 min. 32 sec.
Extent1 sound tape reel
1 audio file Waveform Audio
DescriptionMrs. L. Canham, born 1881, maiden name Barden, interviewed in Canterbury. Her father was a builder and cathedral maintenance man, and her mother was an ex maid. She belonged to a family of 4 girls, 2 boys, one of which died in infancy. Canham worked as a teacher.

Track 1 [1:27:31] [0:00:00] Introduction: interviewee is Lucy Canham [LC] of Artillery Road, Canterbury. [0:00:48] LC’s birth. [0:00:59] LC talks in detail about her father’s jobs. [0:04:37] Discussion of LC’s move to Canterbury. [0:05:47] LC discusses her education. [0:07:06] Discussion on how LC became a pupil teacher. [0:08:17] Shortage of teachers. [0:09:02] Description of what people had to do to become a teacher. [0:10:12] Description of what LC’s parents’ thoughts on her becoming a teacher. [0:10:28] Discussion of her sisters’ jobs. [0:11:23] Teachers’ pay. [0:11:49] Discussion of how the teachers should have looked. [0:12:23] Discussion of which teachers would have taught different students. [0:12:54] LC talks about the students she taught, infants. [0:13:27] Difference in teaching for boys and girls. [0:14:16] Events that used to take place for students. [0:15:19] Teachers Benevolent and Orphan Fund. [0:15:49] LC talks about children she came into contact with that had challenges. [0:17:18] LC discusses changing her job and earning more money. [0:18:46] Mention of King’s School. [0:19:07] Charities in Canterbury. [0:20:42] Discussion of the resources LC had access to as a teacher. [0:22:25] Religious practices of the schools that LC worked at. [0:22:55] Pilgrimage of Catholics to Canterbury. [0:24:39] Discussion of school meals for the students and where they were eaten. [0:25:03] LC talks about the children playing. [0:25:21] Discussion of access to water for the infant school. [0:25:45] Discussion about the warmth of the school. [0:27:12] Toilets in the school. [0:27:46] Rules in the school. [0:28:33] Discussion of career advice offered to students. [0:29:22] Parents’ relationships with teachers. [0:30:00] Discussion of inspectors – what they did and when they visited. [0:33:38] Visits from members of the clergy to the school. [0:33:58] Discussion of LC’s family – her siblings and how her parents met. [0:35:16] Discussion of LC’s father’s background. [0:35:30] LC talks about what her mother used to do day-to-day and how she looked after the children. [0:40:08] LC discusses what money was used for – clothes, coal, rent. [0:41:51] Discussion about what help people could get from the church in terms of food or money. [0:42:42] LC talks about people helping each other out – neighbours and shops. [0:45:17] LC describes what her mother did as housekeeper. [0:46:00] Discussion of their shopping. [0:47:01] LC talks about living at home and her role. [0:47:37] Discussion of children’s roles and what LC recalled they may have done to help. [0:48:55] Mention of peoples’ happiness. [0:49:23] Discussion of food prices and growing their own. [0:50:41] Thorough discussion of food that was available throughout LC’s life. [0:54:17] LC talks about where her family would do the food shopping. [0:55:51] Mention of Hunts and Lefevres. [0:57:32] Discussion of shopping and the atmosphere. [0:58:40] Newspapers – delivery and availability. [0:59:15] Discussion of pawnbrokers and how they were viewed. [1:00:37] Hire purchases. [1:01:16] LC discussing buying a bike. [1:01:46] Discussion of dinner time being the most important meal for LC and family. [1:02:08] Discussion of libraries in Canterbury. [1:03:40] Traders in Canterbury. [1:04:09] Gypsies in Canterbury. [1:05:07] LC talks about the poorer parts of Canterbury and the differences in areas. [1:07:20] LC’s views on class. [1:08:05] Discussion of what LC used to do in her free time with other working people. [1:08:34] LC talks about her bike rides: where they went and conditions of the road. [1:11:05] Discussion of LC owning a bike. [1:13:06] LC talks about her parents going on holiday to Folkestone and Whitstable. [1:13:40] Talks in detail about LC visiting Whitstable and why she went. [1:16:20] Discussion of her parents’ holidays. [1:17:26] LC describes her father’s hobbies. [1:19:57] LC talks about her own musical interests. [1:21:25] Barrel-organs in the streets. [1:22:11] LC describes her love for the theatre. [1:23:28] LC talks about the cinema.
NotesTranscript exists for this interview.
PhysicalDescription1 sound tape reel : analogue, 5 inch reel, 9,5 cm/sec, 2 track, mono
Waveform Audio
Related OrganisationUniversity of Kent
Related PlaceCanterbury, Kent
Access filenameWIN-030-001A-A.mp3
CategoryAudio recordings
Access conditionsAvailable for consultation at the University of Kent's Special Collections & Archives reading room, Templeman Library, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NU. Access is available via digital listening copies. The University of Kent acknowledges the intellectual property rights of those named as contributors in this recording and the rights of those not identified.
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